Gingivitis can often be cured simply with good mouth hygiene. Brushing twice a day and using other mouth hygiene aids, such as floss and a medicated mouthwash, as advised by your dentist or hygienist.
What is Gum Disease?
The simplest form of gum disease, gingivitis, is often a reaction to a buildup of plaque on the teeth. Plaque is a soft, sticky, substance made up of bacteria which live on the sugars from things we eat and drink. If plaque has been present for some time it hardens and is called tartar or calculus.
The earliest sign of gum disease is bleeding of the gums. They may also look red and swollen. Gingivitis can often be cured simply with good mouth hygiene, brushing twice a day and using other mouth hygiene, such as floss and a medicated mouthwash, as advised by your dentist or hygienist. Occasionally, even in healthy mouths, gums may become infected or sore and you may notice an unpleasant metallic taste. This is acute gingivitis and you should seek urgent treatment.
As the disease progresses the tissues holding teeth in place start to break down and pockets in the gum form around the teeth, which allow even more plaque to gather. This stage is called chronic periodontitis. It is usually painless and can become quite severe if not treated, resulting in teeth becoming loose, appearing to move position or to fall out.
Symptoms to watch out for include:
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